Printed on “Rice Paper” on theArchbishop's Press, the Ex-Jesuit Press
(“Alocucion” . . . ). Sancho de Santa Justa y Rufino, Basilio. Alocucion que en el dia veinte de enero del año mil setecientos ochenta y tres, cumpleaños del Rey nuestro señor D. Carlos III (que Dios gu[ard]e.) pronuncio a la Real Sociedad Patriotica de Manila. Manila: En la Imprenta del Seminario Eclesiastico, por Ignacio Ad-Vincula, 1783. Folio (29.5 cm; 11.5").  f., 23,  pp.
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After consecration and service in Spain, Sancho de Santa Justa arrived in Manila in 1767 to take up his duties as archbishop, which includedoverseeing the expulsion of the Jesuits. He was a native of Aragon and a member of the Society of Scholarum Piarum. In this address on the occasion of Charles III's 67th birthday, he expresses himself no friend of many of the Enlightment's ideas but a staunch supporter of the King, his economic policies, and especially of the newly instituted practice of free commerce in the Spanish empire. On the other hand, he rails against England, its foreign commercial practices, and its ascension as a maritime powerhouse.
As the title states, this was pronounced before “la Real Sociedad Patriotica de Manila.” That august body was “congregada por estatuto en el salon del Real Palacio, y presidida de su protector el muy ilustre señor D. Joseph Basco, y Bargas, Balderrama y Rivera cavallero del Orden de Santiago, capitan de navio de la real armada, gobernador, y capitan general de estas Islas Filipinas, y presidente de su real audiencia, y chancilleria, director g[ene]r[a]l de las tropas de S.M. en estos dominios, superintendente general de la Real Hacienda, y Renta de Tabaco, y subdelegado de la de Correos &c. &c.”
The work is printed on “rice paper” (i.e., Asian paper probably from the mulberry tree) as was common in Manila during the period to ca. 1820. The typography is definitely provincial and plain, using only one decorative woodcut initial and no ornamentation on the title-page. The type is roman in a variety of sizes with a practice of using all capitals for emphasis.
The press on which this work was printed had been that of the Jesuits until Archbishop Sancho de Santa Justa carried out the king's order and expelled them; he then appropriated the press for his private use, as here. What had been only the fourth press to operate in the Islands, now with a new name, became the fifth.
Searches of NUC, WorldCat, and COPAC locate only five copies worldwide (three in the U.S., one in the U.K., one in Spain).
Medina, Manila, 317; Retana, Aparato bibliográfico, 379. Recent marbled paper–covered boards (green and mauve stone pattern); red leather label on front cover. A few minor paper repairs to edges of a few leaves; a very few small pinhole type wormholes, not costing any letters; the brown spotting and staining peculiar to rice paper. Old, brief note lightly red-inked to title-page. Over all a very good copy. (33130)
Absolutely Essential Bibliography
Retana, Wenceslao Emilio. Aparato bibliográfico de la historia general de Filipinas deducido de la colección que posee en Barcelona la Compañia General de Tabacos de dichas islas. Manila: P.B. Ayuda, 1964. Small folio. 3 vols. I:  ff., xcvii, [1 (blank) pp.,  f., 463, [1(blank) pp. II:  ff., pp. 465–1064. III:  ff., 1065–1800,  ff. Includes facsims.
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An essential bibliography of books printed in the Philippines and in Europe about the islands, based on the library of the Compañía General de Tabacos de Filipinas. This is a photolithographic facsimile of the first edition (Madrid, Imprenta de la sucesora de M. Minuesa de los Ríos, 1906).
Publisher's maroon faux reptile, corners bumped, and one volume with a crescent of chipping to base of spine. Staining on endpapers from cello tape; all edges of closed volumes soot-stained but not margins or text. Uncut and mostly unopened. A handsome set of a significant resource. (33135)
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